Monarchy: Modern Rejection Elsewhere

Many nations outside of Europe have also rejected monarchy over the last few centuries, even nations that had once been colonies of European nations. Of the ex-British-Empire countries, a few have continued to accept the sovereignty of the British monarch: Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. However, several of them have become pure republics, severing their ties with that monarch: the United States, Ireland, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Malaysia, etc. Likewise, in post-independence Latin America, most nations have rejected monarchies, despite their often having been ruled by strongmen and military juntas. The main exception is Brazil, which had a post-independence monarchy for 67 years, from 1822 to 1889. Post-independence south-of-Sahara Africa has been much like Latin America, usually rejecting monarchy even if not often accepting democracy.

In eastern Asia, monarchies have also weakened or fallen outright. Among notable nations, China’s and Korea’s ones are gone, with the Republic of China (1911, now Taiwan), Communist China (1949, mainland), and South Korea continuing to be republics. However, North Korea is now a de facto monarchy. Japan is now a crowned republic, but Thailand is a less clear case. Though a constitutional monarchy, its official cult of the monarch is rather sternly enforced, complete with punishing people for making jokes about the monarch.

Curiously, in the Middle East and North Africa, many nations became independent as monarchies, with the exceptions being Israel, Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Tunisia, and Algeria. But even there, some of these monarchies got overthrown, those of Libya, Egypt, Iraq, Yemen, and Iran. The remaining ones are Morocco, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and Oman, with varying amounts of progress toward constitutional monarchy.

So not just in Europe, but just about everywhere over the last century, monarchy has been going downhill and getting rejected outright.

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